What is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)?'s image

What is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)?

Posted on July 25, 2022 by ORPTech Team
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What is Secure Sockets Layer (SSL)?

Security is among the most important topics while browsing the internet. Naturally, you want your private information such as your credit card information or personal details to be safe from any kind of tampering and prevent unauthorized people from accessing it. To ensure that the website you will use is safe, you can check the SSL certificate of the website. SSL is the standard technology for keeping connections between two systems safe and secure, preventing unauthorized people from accessing and tampering with the sensitive data that you have given to a website.


Example

An e-commerce website where you give your credit card information to buy something.


How does SSL safeguard the data? 

The answer is encryption. Sensitive data from the clients gets encrypted before it gets sent to the server. After this encrypted data reaches the server, it gets decrypted and stored. By encrypting sensitive data it becomes impossible for unauthorized people to read the data even if they intercept the connection and steal it. 


Are you protected?

Checking if a website is secured with SSL is easy. If the URL of the website contains “HTTPS”, it means that the website has a valid SSL certificate. The “s” at the end of the “HTTPS” stands for “secure”. Also, a “padlock” icon appears on the browser before the URL of the website. You can click on the padlock icon to see the details of the SSL certificate which contains the legal information of the company behind the registered domain.


Types of SSL

There are 3 main types of SSL certificates: Domain Validated (DV SSL), Organization Validated (OV SSL), and Extended Validation (EV SSL). All 3 of these certificates have the same encryption levels. The only difference between these certificates is the vetting process. 


Domain Validated SSL (DV SSL) is the most standard type of SSL certificate. It only requires proof of ownership for the registered domain and generally gets approved in minutes. This is the quickest, easiest, and most cost-effective way to receive industry-standard encryption. This certificate is not recommended for business websites because there is no organizational vetting in the process.


Organization Validated SSL (OV SSL) is the advanced version of the DV SSL. To get this certificate, an organisation must provide proof of ownership of the secured domain. On top of that, it is also required for the organisation to prove that they are a legally registered business. OV SSL can be issued only to legally registered organizations. Individuals can’t get this certificate.


Extended Validation SSL (EV SSL) is the most advanced and trustworthy type of SSL certificate. It is the industry standard for business websites. In addition to the SSL certificate indicators, this type of SSL certificate also has a “green name” on the address bar, indicating the EV SSL certificate. To receive this certificate, organizations must go through a much more strict vetting process that is conducted by human specialists. This certificate is most needed for organizational websites but it is especially important for websites that collect sensitive data from their clients.


Benefits of having an SSL certificate on your website

Having any type of SSL certificate is a must for all serious organizations in today’s world. It brings valuable benefits to a website such as improved SEO ranking, increased user trust, and increased customer revenue.


Improved SEO ranking: To make the internet a safer place for everyone, in 2014 Google started to boost the ranking of the websites with appropriate SSL certificates, so if you want your website to be in front of everyone, you have to get an SSL certificate.


Increased user trust: When users see the SSL indicators like padlock or green name on the address, they know that their connection will be secure and their opinion shifts toward the positive side.


Increased customer revenue: For the same reasons mentioned in the last point, it is proven by research that customers are more willing to spend their money on trusted websites with SSL certificates rather than untrusted websites with no SSL certificate.